Causes of Diabetes-Type 2?

Diabetes - Type 2

In an effort to answer this question, Dr. James Anderson, renowned diabetologist, decided to feed healthy young men two pounds of sugar a day and check for signs of diabetes. Thirteen weeks into the study there were still no signs of diabetes.1 “I thought diabetes was too much sugar in the blood and urine,” you may be thinking.

Trans-fat FoodsRecent research has confirmed the real culprit—fat. People on a low fat diet, (10-15% of calories), where the fat comes from a vegetable source, have a relatively low risk of getting diabetes. On the other hand, people eating 46% of their calories as fat have a 40% higher risk of diabetes. Certain fats are especially dangerous. Just 3% of calories coming from trans-fat will raise the risk of diabetes by 44% , and 270 mg of cholesterol, little more that that found in one egg, will increase the risk by 60%. If the majority of fat in the diet, (36% of calories), comes from saturated fat (usually animal sources) the risk of diabetes goes up to 64%.2 Animal studies have shown that increasing the fat intake to 65% of calories increases the incidence of diabetes by 350%.3 Fat makes a difference! 

 

Various fats have different physiological effects on the body. Saturated and trans-fats tend to increase cholesterol, raise blood pressure, and diminish the good HDL cholesterol levels. They also increase the risk for heart disease, stroke, certain cancers and diabetes.4, 5 Unsaturated fats, taken in their moderate amounts, (10%-15% of calories), tend to lower cholesterol, help maintain healthy HDL levels, provide essential fatty acids, and lower the risk for heart disease, stroke and diabetes.6, 7

Some of the healthiest fats come from natural plant sources. Five servings of nuts (raw or dry roasted) a week have been shown to decrease the incidence of diabetes by 30%.8 The unhealthy fats tend to come from fast foods that are high in fat and low in nutrition. Two or more fast food meals per week will not only increase obesity but also can double the risk of diabetes.9 Fat is not the only culprit in fast foods; one sugar-sweetened soft drink per day can increase the risk of diabetes by 83%.10 There are other causes of diabetes. Remember the old “four food group” posters hung on grade school classroom walls, dairy, meat, grains, and plant foods? These posters were not an initiative of the National Institute of Health or National Academy of Sciences. Studies show that milk and red meat consumption increases insulin resistance leading to the development of obesity, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes.11 Stimulants can also increase diabetes. Smoking increases the risk of diabetes by 60%.12 Caffeine increases diabetic blood sugars by 28%13 and decreases the effectiveness of exercise in lowering blood sugar.14 Alcohol increases obesity and destroys the pancreas’ ability to produce insulin.15 Narcotics increase insulin resistance within the cells.16

For more diet based Lifestyle changes for Diabetes type-2, Please study more about oil free Healthy vegetarian diet. Only Oil you can take is Raw Flax Seed oil (2tsp * 3 in a day). Regular Cooking oils are highly processed, using manufacturing methods that are destructive to oil molecules. These practices are utilized primarily to lengthen and stabilize the shelf life of oils. Avoid all kinds of animal products and refined junk food. Once your blood sugar comes to normal, use cold press vegetable oil in your diet. You can vist our center and stay for 15 days treatment program for reversing Diabetes, even if your are taking Insulin. We will be keep sharing more information on health and diet.

Resources: 

1 Anderson JW, Herman RH, Zakim D. Effect of high glucose and high sucrose diets on glucose tolerance of normal men. Am J Clin Nutr. 1973 Jun;26(6):600-7.

2 Adapted from: Salmerón J, Hu FB, Manson JE, Stampfer MJ, Colditz GA, Rimm EB, Willett WC. Dietary fat intake and risk of type 2 diabetes in women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2001 Jun;73(6):1019-26.

3 Wang Y, Wang PY, Qin LQ, Davaasambuu G, Kaneko T, Xu J, Murata S, Katoh R
Sato A. The development of diabetes mellitus in Wistar rats kept on a high-fat/low carbohydrate diet for long periods. Endocrine. 2003 Nov;22(2):85-92.

4 Storlien LH, Jenkins AB, Chisholm DJ, Pascoe WS, Khouri S, Kraegen EW.
Influence of dietary fat composition on development of insulin resistance in rats. Relationship to muscle triglyceride and omega-3 fatty acids in muscle phospholipid. Diabetes. 1991 Feb;40(2):280-9.Links

5 Hu FB, van Dam RM, Liu S. Diet and risk of Type II diabetes: the role of types of fat and carbohydrate. Diabetologia. 2001 Jul;44(7):805-17.

6 Trichopoulou A, Lagiou P. Worldwide patterns of dietary lipids intake and health implications. Am J Clin Nutr. 1997 Oct;66(4 Suppl):961S-964S.

7 Picinato MC, Curi R, Machado UF, Carpinelli AR. Soybean- and olive-oils-enriched diets increase insulin secretion to glucose stimulus in isolated pancreatic rat islets. Physiol Behav. 1998 Nov 15;65(2):289-94.

8 Jiang R, Manson JE, Stampfer MJ, Liu S, Willett WC, Hu FB. Nut and peanut butter consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes in women. JAMA. 2002 Nov 27;288(20):2554-60.

9 Pereira MA, Kartashov AI, Ebbeling CB, Van Horn L, Slattery ML, Jacobs DR Jr, Ludwig DS. Fast-food habits, weight gain, and insulin resistance (the CARDIA study): 15-year prospective analysis. Lancet. 2005 Jan 1-7;365(9453):36-42

10 Schulze MB, Manson JE, Ludwig DS, Colditz GA, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC, Hu FB.
Sugar-sweetened beverages, weight gain, and incidence of type 2 diabetes in young and middle-aged women. JAMA. 2004 Aug 25;292(8):927-34.

11 Papakonstantinou E, Panagiotakos DB, Pitsavos C, Chrysohoou C, Zampelas A,
Skoumas Y, Stefanadis C. Food group consumption and glycemic control in people with and without type 2 diabetes: the ATTICA study. Diabetes Care. 2005 Oct;28(10):2539-40. Related Articles, Links

22 Hur NW, Kim HC, Nam CM, Jee SH, Lee HC, Suh I. Smoking cessation and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus: Korea Medical Insurance Corporation Study. Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. 2007 Apr;14(2):244-9.

13 Lane JD, Hwang AL, Feinglos MN, Surwit RS. Exaggeration of postprandial hyperglycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes by administration of caffeine in coffee. Endocr Pract. 2007 May-Jun;13(3):239-43.

14 Lee S, Hudson R, Kilpatrick K, Graham TE, Ross R. Caffeine ingestion is associated with reductions in glucose uptake independent of obesity and type 2 diabetes before and after exercise training. Diabetes Care. 2005 Mar;28(3):566-72.

15 Greenhouse L, Lardinois CK. Alcohol-associated diabetes mellitus. A review of the impact of alcohol consumption on carbohydrate metabolism. Arch Fam Med. 1996 Apr;5(4):229-33.

16 Li Y, Eitan S, Wu J, Evans CJ, Kieffer B, Sun X, Polakiewicz RD. Morphine induces desensitization of insulin receptor signaling. Mol Cell Biol. 2003 Sep;23(17):6255-66.